China has the power to create new devices, not just copy and paste, but set up their own which is cause for concern. China has a large population and large internal security concerns. It is because of these factors and more that China also has the most aggressive cyber warfare capability around the world. China has a vested interest in devoting its resources to being the leader of the pack about cyber warfare. With tight government control over information infrastructure, China can leverage its human resources in such a way that it can conduct direct cyber warfare operations better than any other country.

With current technology, China can hack into nearly anything without needing encryption programs. In fact, in 2008, during the Olympics, the number of internet networks that were directly linked to the Public Security Bureau, the Chinese equivalent of the FBI, was increased dramatically. Western hotel chains were asked to install different devices which would allow the PSB to monitor all internet activities directly.

The Chinese spy network utilizes bots heavily. Chinese websites often have bots embedded into the site, and logging into the website could trigger an immediate download of a bot onto the host computer. Given that the government heavily controls the internet in China, the bots are more likely to appear on simple websites, in particular on English language new websites and expatriate sites. It is imperative to note that geography no longer limits the cyber warfare abilities of China and that the government can break into anywhere around the world and install a bot. China has invested a lot of their resources and their time to creating bot armies which focus on gathering the largest quantity of raw data, and not necessarily focusing on the highest quality of raw data. They have, on lesser occasion, utilized more creative hacking methods such as injecting codes meant to exploit security vulnerabilities, a tactic is known as SQL injections, or using the online game and chat software for infiltration in a method known as remote exploits for next generation.

China is also responsible for the manufacturing of computer chips and USB drives from the factory.  Many USB drives come with malware from the factory infected. The computers find their way into Western governments and companies, and even the Pentagon who in 2008 banned the use of USB thumb drives due to a security incident of that nature. The Chinese telecommunications equipment manufacturer by the name of Huawei Technologies was the subject of an investigation in the United States, which led to a withdrawal of the joint $2.2 billion bid for 3Com stake. It is easy to see now why there is greater cause for concern.